Journal Article

Effect of peritoneal dialysis fluid composition on peritoneal area available for exchange in children

Michel Fischbach, Joëlle Terzic, Sylvie Chauvé, Vincent Laugel, Audrey Muller and Börje Haraldsson

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 19, issue 4, pages 925-932
Published in print April 2004 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online April 2004 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfg518
Effect of peritoneal dialysis fluid composition on peritoneal area available for exchange in children

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Background. Although conventional peritoneal dialysis fluids (PDFs), such as Dianeal®, are non-physiological in composition, new PDFs including Physioneal® have a more neutral pH, are at least partially buffered with bicarbonate and, most importantly, contain low concentrations of glucose degradation products (GDPs).

Methods. To evaluate the impact of new PDFs in childcare, we performed a comparative crossover study with Dianeal® and Physioneal®. We examined both intraperitoneal pressure (IPP), which partly reflects pain induction, and the total pore area available for exchange, which indicates the number of capillaries perfused in the peritoneal membrane at any given moment and therefore partly reflects peritoneal dialysis capacity. The IPP was determined after inflow of 1000 ml/m2 body surface area (BSA) of dialysate (intraperitoneal volume; IPV). The steady-state unrestricted area over diffusion distance (A0/▵x, in cm2/cm per 1.73 m2 BSA) was calculated from the three-pore theory. Six children were enrolled in the study. On the first day, two consecutive peritoneal equilibration tests of 90 min each were performed using first Dianeal® and then Physioneal®. On the second study day, the procedure was repeated with the fluids given in the opposite order.

Results. The mean IPP normalized to IPV (ml/m2) was significantly higher for Dianeal® (9.5 ± 0.9 cm/1000 ml/m2) than for Physioneal® (7.9 ± 1.2 cm/1000 ml/m2, P < 0.01). The mean A0/▵x was 17 ± 4% larger with Dianeal® (36 095 ± 2009 cm2/cm per 1.73 m2) than with Physioneal® (31 780 ± 2185 cm2/cm per 1.73 m2, P < 0.001; based on 24 data pairs).

Conclusions. These pilot study results suggest a higher biocompatibility for Physioneal® than for Dianeal®. Less inflow pain associated with Physioneal® induced a lower IPP reflecting enhanced fill volume tolerance, and the lower A0/▵x reflected less capillary recruitment. Taken together, these results suggest that the new more biocompatible PDFs will improve peritoneal dialysis therapy, although this conclusion will require verification in extended clinical trials.

Keywords: capillary recruitment; children; intraperitoneal pressure; peritoneal dialysis fluid

Journal Article.  4638 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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