Journal Article

Intact PTH assay overestimates true 1-84 PTH levels after maxacalcitol therapy in dialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism

Junichiro J. Kazama, Kentaro Omori, Noboru Higuchi, Naoki Takahashi, Yumi Ito, Hiroki Maruyama, Ichiei Narita, Thomas L. Cantor, Ping Gao and Fumitake Gejyo

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 19, issue 4, pages 892-897
Published in print April 2004 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online April 2004 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfh038
Intact PTH assay overestimates true 1-84 PTH levels after maxacalcitol therapy in dialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism

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Background. Although the so-called intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) assay detects not only true 1-84 PTH (1-84PTH) but also large C-terminal PTH fragments, it remains inconclusive whether the 1-84PTH assay is more useful in clinical practice. Previous studies have shown that the results of these two PTH assays in dialysis patients are closely correlated.

Methods. Chronic dialysis patients whose plasma iPTH levels were >400 pg/ml were selected for inclusion in the present study. Following a 4 week wash-out time during which all vitamin D administration was halted, maxacalcitol was intravenously injected at the end of dialysis sessions three times per week for 24 weeks, at an initial dosage of 10 µg.

Results. Ninety-seven patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism were included in our analysis. Their serum calcium levels were elevated from the start levels while phosphate levels remained unchanged. The plasma 1-84PTH levels constantly declined throughout the 24 weeks. Although the patients’ plasma 1-84PTH and iPTH levels were closely correlated with each other both at the beginning of the study and after 24 weeks of maxacalcitol therapy, the ratio of 1-84PTH/iPTH consistently decreased throughout the study period (P<0.01). The changes in the ratio were significantly correlated with changes in serum calcium levels.

Conclusions. Twenty-four weeks of intravenous maxacalcitol injection therapy significantly reduced the 1-84PTH/iPTH ratio. Estimated 1-84PTH levels from iPTH levels using a conversion formula obtained before the treatment were 21.0±20.4% higher than measured 1-84PTH levels after the therapy. Thus, iPTH measurement has a potential risk to overestimate 1-84PTH levels when evaluating the efficacy of maxacalcitol therapy in dialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism.

Keywords: estimation; intact parathyroid hormone assay; maxacalcitol; 1-84 parathyroid hormone; secondary hyperparathyroidism

Journal Article.  3434 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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