Journal Article

Living-donor liver transplantation—European experiences

Utz Settmacher, Tom Theruvath, Andreas Pascher and Peter Neuhaus

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 19, issue suppl_4, pages iv16-iv21
Published in print July 2004 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online July 2004 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfh1036
Living-donor liver transplantation—European experiences

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To overcome the problem of organ shortage in recent years, liver transplantation from a living donor has been established. From a surgical standpoint, split liver transplantation and living-donor liver transplantation (LRLTx) are very complex surgical procedures requiring meticulous surgical techniques. LRLTx was first developed and performed in Asia and the USA. In the beginning of the 1990s, LRLTx was introduced in Europe. In Europe, 46 of 118 registered transplant centres had already performed LRLTx in December 2001. Up to this time point, more than 800 LRLTx were performed since 1991. Medical discussions in the field of LRLTx include the need for high qualitiy procedures, simplifying donor evaluation, optimizing surgical techniques and immunosuppression, all of which are current problems. The perioperative morbidity of the donor including all minor complications is stated to be 10–25%. Biliary complications of 5–10% are the major portion. The results of LRLTx for paediatric and adult recipients are comparable. The perioperative complication rate is slightly higher in LRLTx than after cadaver transplantation. This can be explained by the complexity of the surgical intervention with technical complications and the limited experience so far. Other reasons that can be ascertained are extended indications with higher incidence of tumour recurrence and infectious complications in these recipients. In recent years, LRLTx has emerged as a clinically safe alternative to cadaver transplantation in many cases and has further extended the donor pool. LRLTx has been shown to be a good option for patients with liver disease in which a long waiting time is not permitted.

Keywords: actual problems; Europe; liver transplantation; living donor; outcome

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Nephrology

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