Journal Article

Metabolic results 3 years after simultaneous pancreas–kidney transplantation

Antonio Secchi, Jacques Malaise and Rossana Caldara

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 20, issue suppl_2, pages ii18-ii24
Published in print May 2005 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online May 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfh1078
Metabolic results 3 years after simultaneous pancreas–kidney transplantation

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Background. Simultaneous pancreas–kidney (SPK) transplantation has become accepted therapy for patients with type 1 diabetes and end-stage renal disease. This 3-year study compared the metabolic effects of tacrolimus- and cyclosporin microemulsion (ME)-based immunosuppressive therapy in this clinical setting.

Methods. The study population comprised the 205 patients enrolled in the Euro-SPK 001 study. Glucose metabolism parameters [fasting blood glucose, fasting C-peptide and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c)], blood lipids (total cholesterol and triglycerides) and pancreatic enzymes (lipase and amylase) were monitored at regular intervals during the study. Blood pressure was also carefully monitored and compared with target levels for diabetic patients.

Results. Fasting C-peptide and HbA1c levels were within the normal ranges in the two treatment groups throughout the 3 years. Fasting blood glucose was higher during the first 2 months post-transplant in the tacrolimus group than in the cyclosporin-ME group, but no differences were seen thereafter. From month 2 post-transplant, mean levels of total cholesterol were significantly lower among patients receiving tacrolimus than among those in the cyclosporin-ME group. In addition, patients receiving cyclosporin-ME showed serological features of mild pancreatitis, with elevated blood amylase and lipase levels during the first 6 months post-transplant. The two regimens were comparable with respect to hypertension.

Conclusions. Except for lipid profiles, no major differences in metabolic effects or blood pressure control were observed over the 3 years in SPK transplant patients receiving immunosuppression based on tacrolimus or cyclosporin-ME. In view of the potential risk of hypertension, antihypertensive strategies should be implemented for all patients.

Keywords: amylase; blood lipids; glucose metabolism; lipase; simultaneous pancreas–kidney transplantation; type 1 diabetes

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Nephrology

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