Journal Article

Evidence for protective roles of polyethylene glycol plus high sodium solution and trimetazidine against consequences of renal medulla ischaemia during cold preservation and reperfusion in a pig kidney model

Jean Pierre Faure, Christophe Jayle, Delphine Dutheil, Michel Eugene, Keqiang Zhang, Jean Michel Goujon, Isabelle Petit-Paris, Jean Paul Tillement, Guy Touchard, Rene Robert, Anne Wahl, Francois Seguin, Gerard Mauco, Alain Vandewalle and Thierry Hauet

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 19, issue 7, pages 1742-1751
Published in print July 2004 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online May 2004 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfh142
Evidence for protective roles of polyethylene glycol plus high sodium solution and trimetazidine against consequences of renal medulla ischaemia during cold preservation and reperfusion in a pig kidney model

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Background. The renal medulla is particularly sensitive to oxidant stress and to ischaemia–reperfusion injury (IRI). In organ transplantation, delayed graft function is an important problem and cold ischaemia is thought to be the most important factor in short- and long-term complications. Our aim was to study cold-induced damage in proximal tubular segments and renal medulla osmolite excretion during use of various preservation solutions, and to clarify the role of trimetazidine (TMZ) in limiting renal dysfunction.

Methods. Using an autotransplanted pig kidney model, we assessed renal tubule function, medullary osmolite excretion and renal damage between day 1 and week 2 after 24 or 48 h cold storage in University of Wisconsin solution (UW), Celsior and ECPEG (two new high Na+ preservation solutions) or the Hopital Edouard Herriot solution (HEH; a high Na+ version of UW). In additional groups, TMZ was added to these preservation solutions for 24 and 48 h cold storage.

Results. Renal function was reduced under these preservation conditions. Tubular injury was associated with aminoaciduria and with a limited Na+ reabsorbtion. Medullary damage led to the early appearance of trimethylamine-N-oxide and dimethylamine in urine. However, renal damage was modulated by preservation conditions. In addition, TMZ added to each of the solutions efficiently protected against IRI even after prolonged preservation.

Conclusion. TMZ efficiently protected kidneys against damage when added to the HEH and particularly ECPEG solutions, even after 24 h cold storage. These findings point to a role for drugs that target mitochondria, and demonstrate that TMZ may provide a valuable therapeutic tool against IRI and could be included in therapeutic protocols.

Keywords: cold preservation; ischaemia–reperfusion injury; pig kidney model; trimetazidine

Journal Article.  4093 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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