Journal Article

Synergistic induction of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 by integrins and platelet-derived growth factor via focal adhesion kinase in mesangial cells

Kaori Kanegae, Masahito Tamura, Narutoshi Kabashima, Ryota Serino, Masaki Tokunaga, Shigeru Oikawa and Yasuhide Nakashima

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 20, issue 10, pages 2080-2088
Published in print October 2005 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online July 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfh998
Synergistic induction of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 by integrins and platelet-derived growth factor via focal adhesion kinase in mesangial cells

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Background. Growth factors, extracellular matrix and its receptor integrins are upregulated in various glomerular diseases. We investigated the mechanism of collaboration between integrins and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) in focal adhesion kinase (FAK)- and extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK)1/2-mediated signal pathways that lead to monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 expression in cultured rat mesangial cells (MCs).

Methods. Serum-starved MCs were plated on fibronectin- or polylysine-coated plates with or without PDGF, and examined for phosphorylation of ERK1/2, mitogen-activated protein or ERK kinase (MEK)1/2 and FAK by western blotting, and for expression of MCP-1 mRNA and protein by reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction (RT–PCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), respectively. The effects of dominant-negative FAK on MCP-1 expression were examined.

Results. Cell adhesion to fibronectin increased phosphorylation of FAK, MEK1/2 and ERK1/2, and induced MCP-1 mRNA and protein expression. PDGF increased phosphorylation of FAK, MEK1/2 and ERK1/2 even without cell adhesion to fibronectin, and induced MCP-1 mRNA and protein expression. PDGF with integrin activation by fibronectin synergistically increased phosphorylation of FAK, MEK1/2 and ERK1/2, and expression of MCP-1 mRNA and protein. Dominant-negative FAK attenuated fibronectin enhancement of PDGF-induced ERK1/2 phosphorylation and MCP-1 expression, indicating involvement of FAK in this signalling.

Conclusions. Our results suggest the cooperative role of integrin and PDGF receptor in activation of the ERK pathway possibly via FAK in MCs. The synergistic activation of integrin and PDGF signalling may play an important role in the progression of glomerular diseases through the induction of MCP-1.

Keywords: cell adhesion; integrin; extracellular matrix; growth factor; gene expression; glomerulonephritis

Journal Article.  4769 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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