Journal Article

The relationship of plasma ghrelin level to energy regulation, feeding and left ventricular function in non-diabetic haemodialysis patients

Chia-Chu Chang, Ching-Hui Hung, Chaun-Shu Yen, Kai-Lin Hwang and Ching-Yuang Lin

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 20, issue 10, pages 2172-2177
Published in print October 2005 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online July 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfi011
The relationship of plasma ghrelin level to energy regulation, feeding and left ventricular function in non-diabetic haemodialysis patients

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Objective. Inadequate plasma ghrelin levels determine the suppression of appetite, nutritional state and morbidity. We investigated the correlation between plasma ghrelin levels and appetite, nutritional status and cardiovascular morbidity in maintenance haemodialysis (HD) patients.

Methods. We measured plasma ghrelin levels at 2 h intervals during a 24 h period in 22 non-diabetic HD patients, who were grouped into normal intake or disturbed intake according to subjective global assessments, and in six healthy controls.

Results. A significant positive correlation existed between the 24 h plasma ghrelin profile and most time-specific plasma ghrelin levels in non-diabetic HD patients. Ghrelin levels in the abnormal intake group were higher than those in the normal intake group. A significant positive correlation exsisted between ghrelin and left ventricle functions, including left ventricle mass index (r = 0.75, P = 0.008), left ventricle mass (r = 0.57, P = 0.03) and interventricular septum thickness (r = 0.70, P = 0.009). An inverse correlation existed between plasma ghrelin and right ventricular dimension (r = −0.45, P = 0.035). Body mass index (r = −0.64, P = 0.033) and body fat content (r = −0.619, P = 0.002) had significant negative correlations with plasma ghrelin.

Conclusions. Anorexia was found in patients with higher plasma ghrelin levels. Plasma ghrelin levels in non-diabetic HD patients showed a significant correlation with left ventricular function.

Keywords: appetite; end-stage renal disease; ghrelin; left ventricular function

Journal Article.  3845 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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