Journal Article

Kinetics and characterization of initially regenerating proximal tubules in S3 segment in response to various degrees of acute tubular injury

Yoshihide Fujigaki, Tetsuo Goto, Masanori Sakakima, Hirotaka Fukasawa, Takehiko Miyaji, Tatsuo Yamamoto and Akira Hishida

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 21, issue 1, pages 41-50
Published in print January 2006 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online August 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfi035
Kinetics and characterization of initially regenerating proximal tubules in S3 segment in response to various degrees of acute tubular injury

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Background. We examined kinetics and characterization of regenerating proximal tubule (PT) cells after various degrees of tubular injury in S3 segments of PT and assessed label-retaining slow cycling cells in S3.

Methods. PT injury was induced by different doses of uranyl acetate (UA) injection into rats, and initially regenerating PTs were identified by in vivo bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU)-labelling before sacrifice or were examined on vimentin positivity. Next, the 3H-thymidine pulse/chase approach was applied to the early regenerating PTs identified by BrdU-labelling after UA injection.

Results. Low-dose UA induced focal PT depletion and initial BrdU positivity in the proximal three-quarters of the S3 segment of PT. Autoradiography showed the increased number of label-retaining and label-diluted cells in the proximal three-quarters of S3 in rats treated with low-dose UA compared to normal rats. High-dose UA induced almost complete PT depletion in the proximal three-quarters of S3 and less PT depletion in the distal quarter of S3 and initial BrdU+ cells were restrictedly found in the distal quarter of S3. Label-retaining and label-diluted cells were increasingly found in the entire S3 at day 7, but only label-retaining cells remained in similar numbers in the distal quarter of S3 until day 42. Initially regenerating PT cells with any doses of UA expressed vimentin, suggesting dedifferentiated PT cells.

Conclusions. Initially regenerating cells after PT injury in S3 are dedifferentiated pre-existing PT cells, which may scatter throughout S3 and be responsible for focal repair of S3. Some initially regenerating PT cells in the distal S3 showed persistent label-retaining cells at day 42 after high-dose UA insult and contributed to renewal of the entire S3, thus they might be slow cycling cells with responsibility for S3 repair.

Keywords: acute tubular injury; progenitor cells; proximal tubule; regeneration; S3 segment; uranyl acetate

Journal Article.  5689 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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