Journal Article

Myocardial contractility does not determine the haemodynamic response during dialysis

Eric H. Y. Ie, Rob Krams, Wim B. Vletter, Robert W. Nette, Willem Weimar and Robert Zietse

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 20, issue 11, pages 2465-2471
Published in print November 2005 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online August 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfi088
Myocardial contractility does not determine the haemodynamic response during dialysis

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Background. LV systolic dysfunction in dialysis patients has been implicated in the genesis of dialysis hypotension. End-systolic elastance (Ees), a relatively load-independent parameter of myocardial contractility, was assessed by testing the acute left ventricular (LV) response to nitroglycerine (NTG) in hypotension-prone (HP) and hypotension-resistant (HR) patients.

Methods. Routine measurement of ejection fraction (EF) was done before dialysis in 15 patients without significant valvular disease or symptoms of coronary heart disease. Continuous arterial pressure was measured by Finapres, with systolic blood pressure (SBP) as surrogate for LV end-systolic pressure. Simultaneously, LV area was measured using automated border detection. SBP and LV area data were combined online to create pressure–area loops in real time following intravenous NTG bolus. Ees was determined offline by beat-to-beat analysis of consecutive pressure–area loops.

Results. SBP, at baseline 168 mmHg (128–188 mmHg), decreased to 127 mmHg (79–161 mmHg). End-systolic LV area, at baseline 6 cm2 (1–12 cm2), decreased to 4 cm2 (1–10 cm2). Ees in the HP group (11 mmHg cm−2; 7–22 mmHg cm−2) was not different from Ees in the HR group (9 mmHg cm−2; 4–16 mmHg cm−2). EF was 61% (45–73%). There was no correlation between Ees and EF.

Conclusions. In this population of dialysis patients without clinically manifest heart disease, the HP and HR groups had a similar Ees. Therefore, these two types of dialysis patients were not distinguished by a difference in myocardial contractility. The results of this study argue against a role for reduced myocardial contractility in the genesis of intradialytic hypotension.

Keywords: automated border detection; dialysis hypotension; echocardiography; end-systolic elastance; load dependence; myocardial contractility

Journal Article.  3804 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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