Journal Article

Regulatory effects of inducible nitric oxide synthase on cyclooxygenase-2 and heme oxygenase-1 expression in experimental glomerulonephritis

Prasun K. Datta, Shawn Dhupar and Elias A. Lianos

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 21, issue 1, pages 51-57
Published in print January 2006 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online October 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfi135
Regulatory effects of inducible nitric oxide synthase on cyclooxygenase-2 and heme oxygenase-1 expression in experimental glomerulonephritis

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Background. We explored whether inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) driven nitric oxide (NO) production regulates expression of iNOS, endothelial NOS (eNOS), Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and Hemeoxygenase-1 (HO-1) proteins in a rat model of glomerulonephritis induced by antibody raised in rabbits against rat glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM).

Methods. Rats were injected either with non-immune serum (control), or anti-GBM serum. In a group of rats N6-(1-iminoethyl)-L-lysine (L-NIL) was administered prior to injection of anti-GBM serum to inhibit iNOS activity. Urinary nitrite plus nitrate (NOx) excretion was assessed to determine the extent of iNOS inhibition by L-NIL. Urinary albumin excretion was assessed to determine extent of proteinuria. Urinary PGE2 was assessed as a marker of COX activity. Glomeruli were harvested 24 h after injection of anti-GBM serum and ED1, COX-2, iNOS, eNOS and HO-1 expression was analysed by Western blot analysis.

Results. iNOS activity in glomeruli was effectively reduced in L-NIL-treated nephritic animals. In these animals, there was exacerbation of proteinuria and reduction in urinary PGE2 levels without changes in the extent of macrophage infiltration in glomeruli. In nephritic animals, there was an increase in glomerular protein levels of COX-2, HO-1 and iNOS, but not of eNOS. While L-NIL treatment reduced glomerular HO-1, levels of COX-2 and iNOS increased; but not that of eNOS.

Conclusions. The observations indicate that in glomerulonephritis iNOS-driven NO production acts as a negative feedback regulator of iNOS itself, suppresses COX-2 levels, and maintains HO-1 levels.

Keywords: anti-GBM nephritis; COX-2; HO-1; iNOS; L-NIL

Journal Article.  4052 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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