Journal Article

Anti-glomerular basement membrane antibodies in the diagnosis of Goodpasture syndrome: a comparison of different assays

Renato Alberto Sinico, Antonella Radice, Caterina Corace, Ettore Sabadini and Bruna Bollini

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 21, issue 2, pages 397-401
Published in print February 2006 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online October 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfi230
Anti-glomerular basement membrane antibodies in the diagnosis of Goodpasture syndrome: a comparison of different assays

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Background. The role of anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) antibodies in the pathogenesis of Goodpasture syndrome (GPS) is firmly established. Untreated, the disease may follow a fulminating course. Early identification of patients has important implications in terms of management and prognosis. Therefore, a diagnostic test for the determination of circulating anti-GBM antibodies, of very high sensitivity and specificity, is necessary. A number of assays, using different antigenic substrates, are available, but studies comparing the ‘performances’ of the different tests are scarce.

Methods. The aim of our work was to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of four immunoassay-based anti-GBM antibodies kits. Thirty-four serum samples from 19 GPS patients, 41 pathological and 28 normal controls were studied retrospectively (the follow-up samples were not included in the analysis of performance data). Cut-off limits were derived from receiver operating characteristics curve analysis.

Results. All the assays showed a comparable good sensitivity (between 94.7 and 100.0%), whereas specificity varied considerably (from 90.9 to 100.0%). The better performance in terms of sensitivity/specificity was achieved by a fluorescence immunoassay which utilizes a recombinant antigen.

Conclusion. All the assays have a good performance, with high sensitivity; however, the specificity may vary considerably.

Keywords: anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) antibodies; anti-GBM disease; ELISA; Goodpasture syndrome; NC1 portion of the α3 chain of type IV collagen

Journal Article.  2643 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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