Journal Article

Risk factors and outcome of focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis recurrence in adult renal transplant recipients

Agathe Pardon, Vincent Audard, Sophie Caillard, Bruno Moulin, Dominique Desvaux, Bouteina Bentaarit, Philippe Remy, Dil Sahali, Françoise Roudot-Thoraval, Philippe Lang and Philippe Grimbert

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 21, issue 4, pages 1053-1059
Published in print April 2006 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online December 2005 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI:
Risk factors and outcome of focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis recurrence in adult renal transplant recipients

Show Summary Details


Background. Recurrence of nephrotic syndrome (NS) after renal transplantation for primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a frequent and still unpredictable complication. However, risk factors for recurrence have not yet been clearly identified.

Methods. Data from 33 patients who underwent 35 renal transplantations for FSGS in two French centres are reported.

Results. Recurrent NS occurred in 12 transplant recipients (34%). A significantly higher number of patients in the group with recurrence (R group) compared with the group without recurrence (NR group) received cyclosporine for FSGS treatment before transplantation (83.3% vs 43.4%, P<0.02). Donors of R group recipients were significantly older than those of the non-NR group recipients (42.8 years vs 35 years, P<0.05). A higher number of patients from the R group required post-transplantation dialysis (33.3% vs 17.4%, P = 0.002). Surprisingly, acute rejection occurred more frequently in patients of the NR group compared with the R group, although the difference was not significant. Among the 12 patients with NS relapse, 9 were treated with plasmapheresis. Graft loss related to recurrence occurred in 6 cases. The 5-year graft survival was significantly lower in patients with recurrent NS compared with patients without recurrence (57% vs 82%, P<0.001).

Conclusion. This study confirms the benefit to identify in the future clinical or biological predictive risk factors for NS recurrence after renal transplantation. It also indicates that donor age is a reliable risk factor for recurrence in adult recipients and suggests for the first time a possible opposite relationship between recurrent FSGS and acute rejection.

Keywords: acute rejection; focal segmental glomerulosclerosis; recurrence; renal transplantation

Journal Article.  4275 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.