Journal Article

Respective role of uraemic toxins and myeloperoxidase in the uraemic state

Chantal Capeillère-Blandin, Valérie Gausson, Anh Thu Nguyen, Béatrice Descamps-Latscha, Tilman Drüeke and Véronique Witko-Sarsat

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 21, issue 6, pages 1555-1563
Published in print June 2006 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online February 2006 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfl007
Respective role of uraemic toxins and myeloperoxidase in the uraemic state

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Background. In haemodialysis (HD) patients, advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) were previously ascribed to oxidized plasma proteins, resulting mainly from increased myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity. The aim of the present study was to assess the mechanisms leading to the generation of AOPP during the course of chronic kidney disease including end-stage renal disease, with particular focus on AOPP and MPO characterization in the plasma at decreasing levels of kidney function.

Methods. Phagocyte activation was evaluated by whole blood NADPH oxidase and MPO activities. In plasma, MPO protein concentration was quantified by ELISA and catalytic activity assayed by the spectrophotometric detection of phenol and 4-aminoantipyrine (AAP) co-oxidation in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2).

Results. In HD patients, plasma AOPP concentration was linked to neutrophil oxidative activity. Such an association was not found in control subjects or predialysis patients, suggesting that in the latter, AOPP generation did not mainly result from MPO released by activated neutrophils. Similarly, plasma AOPP correlated with plasma MPO protein concentration in HD patients, but not in control subjects or predialysis patients, suggesting that in the latter AOPP did not predominantly result from MPO activity. This interpretation was supported by the observation of a greater degree of co-oxidation of phenol and AAP in the absence of H2O2 in predialysis patients than in HD patients or control subjects. The contribution of MPO dramatically differed between predialysis and HD patients (2±5 vs 46±6%; P<0.001).

Conclusion. Our observations suggest that AOPP generation in predialysis patients mainly results from MPO-independent oxidation mechanisms.

Keywords: AOPP; chronic kidney disease; haemodialysis; myeloperoxidase; oxidative stress; plasma proteins

Journal Article.  5331 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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