Journal Article

Angiotensin II formation in the kidney and nephrosclerosis in Ren-2 hypertensive rats

Andrea Hartner, Markus Porst, Bernd Klanke, Nada Cordasic, Roland Veelken and Karl F. Hilgers

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 21, issue 7, pages 1778-1785
Published in print July 2006 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online March 2006 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfl065
Angiotensin II formation in the kidney and nephrosclerosis in Ren-2 hypertensive rats

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Background. Ren-2 transgenic hypertensive rats develop malignant hypertensive nephrosclerosis despite low to normal plasma angiotensin II and suppressed renal renin. We tested the hypothesis that local angiotensin II formation occurs at sites of renal vascular and interstitial injury in this model.

Methods. Heterozygous Ren-2 transgenic rats were compared with normotensive Sprague–Dawley–Hannover control rats and Ren-2 transgenic rats treated with a very low dose of an angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor antagonist, 1 mg/kg/day losartan, for 4 weeks. Blood pressure measurements, quantifications of urinary albumin, plasma and tissue angiotensin II as well as immunohistochemical analyses were performed.

Results. Systolic blood pressure was not affected by losartan during the study but intra-arterial recordings revealed a decrease of blood pressure. Losartan reduced albumin excretion, cell proliferation, macrophage influx, collagen I and collagen IV deposition. Plasma angiotensin II was decreased, while kidney tissue angiotensin II content was increased in Ren-2 transgenic rats compared with control rats. In Ren-2 transgenic rats, juxtaglomerular renin and angiotensin II staining were reduced, but there was a marked angiotensin II staining at foci of tubulo-interstitial fibrosis and at proliferative malignant vascular lesions.

Conclusion. We conclude that local angiotensin II formation is increased in proliferative or fibrotic kidney lesions in the Ren-2 transgenic rat. Local angiotensin II formation may help to explain why the AT1 receptor antagonist prevents or ameliorates this transgenic model of malignant nephrosclerosis despite low to normal plasma angiotensin II and suppressed renal renin.

Keywords: angiotensin II; AT1 receptor antagonist; hypertension; nephrosclerosis; Ren-2 transgenic rats

Journal Article.  4819 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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