Journal Article

Transforming growth factor-β<sub>1</sub> is associated with kidney damage in patients with essential hypertension: renoprotective effect of ACE inhibitor and/or angiotensin II receptor blocker

Shiming Zhu, Yuying Liu, Liqi Wang and Qing H. Meng

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 23, issue 9, pages 2841-2846
Published in print September 2008 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online April 2008 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfn159
Transforming growth factor-β1 is associated with kidney damage in patients with essential hypertension: renoprotective effect of ACE inhibitor and/or angiotensin II receptor blocker

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Background. Evidence suggests that transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) is associated with target organ damage in hypertension. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between TGF-β1 levels and kidney damage and renoprotective effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and/or angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker in patients with essential hypertension (EH).

Methods. A total of 156 patients with EH were enrolled and grouped according to albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR). Of these, 90 patients with EH underwent a 12-week antihypertensive trial with administration of benazepril, valsartan or both. Serum TGF-β1, plasma angiotensin (Ang) II and urinary albumin were quantified by immunoassays.

Results. Serum TGF-β1, plasma Ang II and ACR were highly elevated in patients with EH (P < 0.01). There was a positive correlation between serum TGF-β1 levels and ACR (r = 0.53, P < 0.01). Significant decreases in TGF β1 and ACR were obtained in all groups at the end of 12-week antihypertensive therapy compared to the baseline values, with the combined group to a greater extent (P < 0.01). Plasma Ang II levels were significantly decreased in the benazepril group but increased in the valsartan group (P < 0.05) while no significant change was observed in the combined group.

Conclusions. TGF-β1 is highly elevated and strongly associated with urinary albumin excretion in patients with EH. Treatment with benazepril or valsartan attenuates serum TGF-β1 levels and microalbuminuria with the combined therapy receiving the greater effect. TGF-β1 could be a potential surrogate marker in monitoring the development and progression of kidney damage in EH.

Keywords: angiotensin; essential hypertension; kidney damage; microalbuminuria; transforming growth factor-β1

Journal Article.  4000 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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