Journal Article

The great saphenous vein for central venous access and haemodialysis

Phillip J. Yates, Adam D. Barlow, Yasha Johari, Tahir Doughman and Michael L. Nicholson

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 24, issue 1, pages 208-210
Published in print January 2009 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online August 2008 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfn456
The great saphenous vein for central venous access and haemodialysis

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Background. Utilising an open surgical technique the Great Saphenous vein in the proximal thigh can be used for the insertion of central venous catheters for haemodialysis. This approach is safe and efficacious, and may be performed under local or general anaesthesia. This technique is of particular importance in patients requiring vascular access for haemodialysis in whom the upper central veins are stenosed and the femoral vessels are not amenable to percutaneous cannulation.

Methods. The Great saphenous vein is exposed via a surgical incision in the thigh. The central venous catheter is then inserted and advanced until in the desired position, as confirmed on fluoroscopy.

Results. Seven Great saphenous catheters were placed over a period of six months. All catheters insertions were technical successes with completion of at least one dialysis session. Primary patency rates were 57%, 49%, 23% at 30, 60 and 90 days respectively.

Conclusion. The great saphenous vein offers an additional site for the insertion of central venous catheters. These data demonstrate equivalence in patency between this novel technique and percutaneous femoral vein cannulation.

Keywords: central venous cannulation; great saphenous vein; haemodialysis

Journal Article.  1503 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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