Journal Article

Complement deposition in renal histopathology of patients with ANCA-associated pauci-immune glomerulonephritis

Min Chen, Guang-Qun Xing, Feng Yu, Gang Liu and Ming-Hui Zhao

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 24, issue 4, pages 1247-1252
Published in print April 2009 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online October 2008 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfn586
Complement deposition in renal histopathology of patients with ANCA-associated pauci-immune glomerulonephritis

Show Summary Details

Preview

Background. The pathogenesis of ANCA-associated pauci-immune glomerulonephritis has not been fully elucidated. Several studies had suggested that complement deposition could be detected in renal histopathology. The current study investigated the clinical and pathological significance of complement deposition in renal histopathology of patients with ANCA-associated pauci-immune glomerulonephritis.

Methods. Renal biopsy specimens from 112 patients with ANCA-associated pauci-immune glomerulonephritis were investigated using direct immunofluorescence, light and electron microscopy. For direct immunofluorescence, IgG, IgA, IgM, C3c and C1q staining on fresh frozen renal tissue were routinely performed immediately after a renal biopsy. Complement deposition was defined as the presence of C3c or C1q for at least 1+ in a 0–4+ scale. Clinical and histopathological data between patients with and without complement deposition were compared.

Results. In direct immunofluorescence microscopy, C3c and C1q could be detected in glomerular capillary wall and/or mesangium in the specimens of 37/112 (33.0%), 7/112 (6.3%) patients, respectively. Compared with patients without C3c deposition, patients with C3c deposition had a higher level of urinary protein (P < 0.01) and poorer initial renal function (P < 0.05).

Conclusion. Complement deposition was not rare in renal histopathology of human ANCA-associated pauci-immune glomerulonephritis, which was associated with more severe renal injury.

Keywords: ANCA; complement; pauci-immune; vasculitis

Journal Article.  3535 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.