Journal Article

Insulin attenuates apoptosis induced by high glucose via the PI3-kinase/Akt pathway in rat peritoneal mesothelial cells

Kumiko Kaifu, Hideyasu Kiyomoto, Hirofumi Hitomi, Keisuke Matsubara, Taiga Hara, Kumiko Moriwaki, Genei Ihara, Yoshiko Fujita, Noriko Sugasawa, Daisuke Nagata, Akira Nishiyama and Masakazu Kohno

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 24, issue 3, pages 809-815
Published in print March 2009 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online October 2008 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI:
Insulin attenuates apoptosis induced by high glucose via the PI3-kinase/Akt pathway in rat peritoneal mesothelial cells

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Background. Peritoneal mesothelial cells play an important role in peritoneal dialysis and are often exposed to dialysis fluid containing high glucose levels. Loss of peritoneal function is a major complication associated with long-term peritoneal dialysis. In this study, we hypothesized that high glucose levels induce apoptosis, and that insulin attenuates this apoptosis in peritoneal mesothelial cells. To clarify this hypothesis, we examined the effects of insulin on the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt signaling pathway and apoptosis in rat peritoneal mesothelial cells.

Methods. Phosphorylated insulin receptor and Akt were detected by western blot analysis. Apoptosis was evaluated by measuring caspase 3 activity and by TUNNEL staining.

Results. Insulin (100 nmol/L) increased tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor in peritoneal mesothelial cells. Furthermore, insulin (1–100 nmol/L) dose-dependently stimulated Akt phosphorylation. Treatment with the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitors wortmannin (100 nmol/L) and LY294002 (10 μmol/L) attenuated insulin-induced Akt phosphorylation, indicating that insulin phosphorylates Akt via a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-dependent pathway. Insulin attenuated caspase 3 activity and decreased the number of TUNNEL-positive cells. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitors and overexpression of a dominant-negative mutant of Akt inhibited the effect of insulin on apoptosis.

Conclusions. The present data indicate that insulin attenuates high glucose-induced apoptosis via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt signaling pathway in peritoneal mesothelial cells. Therefore, the insulin signaling pathway may play a protective role in peritoneal function.

Keywords: apoptosis; glucose; insulin; peritoneal dialysis; peritoneal mesothelial cell

Journal Article.  4036 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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