Journal Article

Augmenter of liver regeneration protects kidneys from ischaemia/reperfusion injury in rats

Xiao-hui Liao, Ling Zhang, Qi Liu, Hang Sun, Chao-ming Peng and Hui Guo

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 25, issue 9, pages 2921-2929
Published in print September 2010 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online March 2010 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfq151
Augmenter of liver regeneration protects kidneys from ischaemia/reperfusion injury in rats

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Background. Augmenter of liver regeneration (ALR), which was identified originally for its crucial role in promoting hepatocyte proliferation, is expressed in both the liver and kidney. Protective effects of ALR have been demonstrated in experimental models of acute liver failure. In the present study, we investigated the effect of ALR on renal ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and the possible mechanisms of its action.

Methods. Male Sprague–Dawley rats were subjected to renal ischaemia for 60 min and then administered with either saline or recombinant human ALR (rhALR). A sham-operated group served as control. The expression of ALR in the sham-operated and acute kidney injury (AKI) groups was detected by immunohistochemistry and western blotting. Renal dysfunction and injury were assessed by measurement of serum biochemical markers and histological grading. Expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) was determined by immunohistochemistry.

Results. Renal ALR expression increased significantly in rats with ischaemic AKI compared with the sham-operated rats. Serum biochemical parameters showed that renal dysfunction was improved by administration of rhALR. Histological analysis revealed that treatment with rhALR also reduced the extent of kidney injury. Intraperitoneal injection of rhALR enhanced the proliferation of renal tubular cells.

Conclusions. Administration of rhALR effectively reduces tubular injury and ameliorates the impairment of renal function. The protective effect of rhALR is associated with enhancement of renal tubular cell regeneration.

Keywords: acute kidney injury; augmenter of liver regeneration; ischaemia/reperfusion; regeneration

Journal Article.  5296 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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