Journal Article

Prospective study of TNFα blockade with adalimumab in ANCA-associated systemic vasculitis with renal involvement

Simona Laurino, Afzal Chaudhry, Anthony Booth, Giuseppe Conte and David Jayne

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 25, issue 10, pages 3307-3314
Published in print October 2010 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online April 2010 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfq187
Prospective study of TNFα blockade with adalimumab in ANCA-associated systemic vasculitis with renal involvement

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Background. Tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) is implicated in the pathogenesis of ANCA-associated systemic vasculitis (AASV). There is a need for more effective and safer induction therapies for AASV. Uncontrolled studies have pointed to the efficacy of TNFα blockade with infliximab in the induction of remission in systemic vasculitides. We have hypothesized that adjunctive treatment with the humanized anti-TNFα monoclonal antibody, adalimumab, will permit more rapid remission and reduced prednisolone exposure in AASV.

Methods. This Phase II, open-label, prospective study enrolled 14 patients with acute flares of AASV either as first manifestation of disease or relapse. The Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score (BVAS) was used to assess the activity of the disease and the response to treatment. Adalimumab (40 mg s.c.) was given every 2 weeks for 3 months, in combination with intravenous cyclophosphamide and a reducing course of prednisolone. Primary endpoints were: (i) induction of remission within the first 14 weeks (BVAS = 0); (ii) time taken to achieve remission; (iii) safety and tolerability.

Results. Mean age was 58 years and eight patients were male; all had kidney involvement. Eleven (78.5%) achieved remission within 14 weeks (mean, 12 weeks). BVAS decreased from 11.9 (mean; 95% CI, 9.3–14.4) at baseline to 2.0 (mean; 95% CI, 0–4.4) at Week 14 (P < 0.01). Prednisolone dose (in milligrammes per day) decreased from 37.1 (mean; 95% CI, 28.8–45.3) at entry to 8.1 (mean; 95% CI, 5.1–11.1) at Week 14 (P < 0.01). Estimated glomerular filtration rate (in millilitres per minute per 1.73 m2) increased from 17.1 (mean; 95% CI, 8.9–25.2) at entry to 30.1 (mean; 95% CI, 18–42.2) at 12 weeks (P < 0.01). One patient died and three infections occurred.

Conclusions. The addition of adalimumab to prednisolone and cyclophosphamide for the treatment of severe AASV was associated with response rates and adverse events similar to standard therapy alone but with a reduced prednisolone exposure. Further study is required to demonstrate whether the addition of adalimumab improves the speed of remission, the degree of renal recovery and safety.

Keywords: ANCA-associated systemic vasculitis; Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score (BVAS); induction of remission; safety; steroid-sparing effect

Journal Article.  4174 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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