Journal Article

Retinal arteriolar caliber and urine albumin excretion: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

Stella Awua-Larbi, Tien Y. Wong, Mary Frances Cotch, Ramon Durazo-Arvizu, David R. Jacobs, Barbara E. K. Klein, Ronald Klein, Joao Lima, Kiang Liu and Holly Kramer

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 26, issue 11, pages 3523-3528
Published in print November 2011 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online March 2011 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfr095
Retinal arteriolar caliber and urine albumin excretion: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

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Background. Changes in retinal microvascular caliber, which occur prior to onset of retinopathy, may indicate presence of kidney damage.

Methods. This study examined the association between retinal arteriolar [central retinal artery equivalent (CRAE)] and venular caliber [central retinal venule equivalent (CRVE)] and presence of albuminuria (micro- or macroalbuminuria) among participants of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA), a cohort of adults aged 45–84 years without baseline clinical cardiovascular disease. During the second MESA exam, digital fundus photography was completed in 5897 participants who provided spot urine specimens. Albuminuria was defined by spot urine albumin/creatinine ratios ≥30 mg/g. Multivariable adjusted odds of albuminuria by quintiles of CRAE and CRVE were determined using logistic regression. Analyses were repeated after stratifying by presence of type 2 diabetes.

Results. Albuminuria was noted in 11.5% (n = 675) and included 584 subjects with microalbuminuria and 91 with macroalbuminuria. A significant U-shaped pattern was seen with higher prevalence of albuminuria across quintile extremes in CRAE (15.7, 8.8 and 10.6% in CRAE Quintiles 1, 3 and 5, respectively; P <0.0001). After adjustment for covariates, both narrower CRAE [odds ratios (OR) 1.55; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.17–2.04, Quintile 1 versus 3) and wider CRAE (OR 1.44; 95% CI 1.07–1.93, Quintile 5 versus 3) were significantly associated with albuminuria. Associations appeared substantially stronger in adults with than without type 2 diabetes but the interaction term for diabetes and CRAE on presence of albuminuria did not meet statistical significance (P = 0.3). No association was noted between CRVE quintiles and albuminuria.

Conclusions. Albuminuria is associated with narrower and wider arteriolar caliber. Future studies should determine whether variation in arteriolar caliber predicts incident albuminuria and whether associations are mediated by hypertension and diabetes. Such information could further clarify early microvascular processes in the pathogenesis of kidney disease.

Keywords: albuminuria; diabetic retinopathy; MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis); retinal arteriolar; retinal venular

Journal Article.  3919 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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