Journal Article

Metabolic effects of dialyzate glucose in chronic hemodialysis: results from a prospective, randomized crossover trial

Jochen G. Raimann, Anja Kruse, Stephan Thijssen, Viktoriya Kuntsevich, Pascal Dabel, Mostafa Bachar, Jose A. Diaz-Buxo, Nathan W. Levin and Peter Kotanko

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 27, issue 4, pages 1559-1568
Published in print April 2012 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online September 2011 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfr520
Metabolic effects of dialyzate glucose in chronic hemodialysis: results from a prospective, randomized crossover trial

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Background. There is no agreement concerning dialyzate glucose concentration in hemodialysis (HD) and 100 and 200 mg/dL (G100 and G200) are frequently used. G200 may result in diffusive glucose flux into the patient, with consequent hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinism, and electrolyte alterations, in particular potassium (K) and phosphorus (P). This trial compared metabolic effects of G100 versus G200.

Methods. Chronic HD patients participated in this randomized, single masked, controlled crossover trial (www.clinicaltrials.gov: #NCT00618033) consisting of two consecutive 3-week segments with G100 and G200, respectively. Intradialytic serum glucose (SG) and insulin concentrations (SI) were measured at 0, 30, 60, 120, 180, 240 min and immediately post-HD; P and K were measured at 0, 120, 180 min and post-HD. Hypoglycemia was defined as an SG <70 mg/dL. Mean SG and SI were computed as area under the curve divided by treatment time.

Results. Fourteen diabetic and 15 non-diabetic subjects were studied. SG was significantly higher with G200 as compared to G100, both in diabetic {G200: 192.8 ± 48.1 mg/dL; G100: 154.0 ± 27.3 mg/dL; difference 38.8 [95% confidence interval (CI): 21.2–56.4] mg/dL; P < 0.001} and non-diabetic subjects [G200: 127.0 ± 11.2 mg/dL; G100 106.5 ± 10.8 mg/dL; difference 20.6 (95% CI: 15.3–25.9) mg/dL; P < 0.001]. SI was significantly higher with G200 in non-diabetic subjects. Frequency of hypoglycemia, P and K serum levels, interdialytic weight gain and adverse intradialytic events did not differ significantly between G100 and G200.

Conclusion. G200 may exert unfavorable metabolic effects in chronic HD patients, in particular hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinism, the latter in non-diabetic subjects.

Keywords: diabetes mellitus; dialyzate; glucose; hemodialysis; insulin

Journal Article.  5364 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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