Journal Article

IgA nephropathy recurs early in the graft when assessed by protocol biopsy

Fernanda Ortiz, Rosana Gelpi, Petri Koskinen, Anna Manonelles, Anne Räisänen-Sokolowski, Marta Carrera, Eero Honkanen, Josep M. Grinyó and Josep M. Cruzado

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 27, issue 6, pages 2553-2558
Published in print June 2012 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online December 2011 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfr664
IgA nephropathy recurs early in the graft when assessed by protocol biopsy

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Background.

The recurrence of IgA nephropathy (IgAN) in the allograft is common. Factors related to IgA recurrence are unclear. The aims of this study were to determine the incidence of IgAN recurrence as assessed by protocol biopsies and to identify predictive factors for recurrence.

Methods.

We identified 65 protocol biopsies taken before the second year post-transplantation in patients with IgAN as primary renal disease. Diagnosis of recurrence of IgA was based on the detection of at least 1+ mesangial deposits of IgA. Pathological findings and clinical characteristics were retrospectively compared between recurrent and non-recurrent cases.

Results.

IgAN recurrence rate was 32%. Mesangial C3 was detected in 83% of recurrent cases versus 17% in non-recurrent patients (P < 0.001). Normal urinalysis was observed in 52%. Non-recurrent patients had arteriolar hyalinosis in 31% of the cases versus none in IgAN recurrence (P = 0.006). Seventy-nine per cent of cyclosporine users were free of recurrence, whereas 45% of the patients without cyclosporine experienced recurrence (P = 0.03). The odds ratio (OR) for IgAN recurrence in patients using cyclosporine was 0.3 (confidence interval 0.1–0.9). Zero HLA-DR mismatch was associated with non-recurrence (P < 0.01). The OR for IgA recurrence was 6.7 if any degree of DR mismatch was present. IgAN recurrent patients had better glomerular filtration rate, but after censoring delayed graft function, the differences disappeared. Graft loss due to IgA recurrence was only 3%.

Conclusions.

IgAN recurrence rate was 32%. The histological diagnosis was not accompanied by abnormalities in the urinalysis in one-half of the patients. Full DR match and cyclosporine were associated with non-recurrence.

Keywords: glomerulonephritis recurrence; IgA glomerulonephritis; kidney transplantation; protocol biopsy

Journal Article.  3541 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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