Journal Article

Estimated glomerular filtration rate at reinitiation of dialysis and mortality in failed kidney transplant recipients

Miklos Z. Molnar, Elani Streja, Csaba P. Kovesdy, Junichi Hoshino, Parta Hatamizadeh, Richard J. Glassock, Akinlolu O. Ojo and Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 27, issue 7, pages 2913-2921
Published in print July 2012 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online April 2012 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfs004
Estimated glomerular filtration rate at reinitiation of dialysis and mortality in failed kidney transplant recipients

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Background

Recent observational studies and a controlled trial suggest more favorable outcomes upon later dialysis initiation in chronic kidney disease. The role of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in predicting outcome at reinitiation of dialysis in failed kidney transplant recipients is unclear.

Methods

Five-year data in a large dialysis organization was linked to the ‘Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients’ to identify 747 failed kidney transplant patients with CKD Stage 5, who had restarted dialysis therapy. A propensity score for early (eGFR >10.5 mL/min/1.73m2) versus late reinitiation of dialysis was fit by logistic regression. The mortality hazard ratio (HR) was estimated across tertiles of the fitted score.

Results

Patients were 44 ± 14 years old and included 42% women. Male gender {odds ratio (OR), [95% confidence interval (CI)]: 1.82 (1.22–2.73)}, diabetes mellitus [OR: 1.75 (1.14–2.68)] and peripheral vascular disease [OR: 3.55 (1.17–10.77)] were associated with higher odds of early dialysis reinitiation. Each mL/min/1.73m2 higher eGFR was associated with 6% higher death risk in unadjusted model [HR: 1.06 (1.01–1.11)], and although not significant in fully adjusted models [HR: 1.02 (0.96–1.07)], it was significant in some subgroups including women and younger patients. The death HR of higher eGFR across lowest to highest tertiles of propensity score of early dialysis initiation (corresponding healthiest to sickest patients) were 1.10 (0.98–1.24), 1.00 (0.91–1.10) and 0.99 (0.92–1.07), respectively (P for trend <0.05), indicating a trend toward higher mortality risk with earlier dialysis initiation in the healthiest patients.

Conclusions

Earlier return to dialysis therapy in failed kidney transplant patients tends to correlate with worse dialysis survival especially among healthiest and younger patients and women. Additional studies need to verify these findings.

Keywords: eGFR; failed kidney; initiation of dialysis; kidney transplantation; mortality

Journal Article.  4977 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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