Article

Education

Mark Joyal

in Classics

ISBN: 9780195389661
Published online May 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780195389661-0015
Education

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Greek and Roman educational practices and theories exercised an unbroken though fluctuating influence on Western culture from the end of Antiquity through the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, and the Reformation, and into the modern world. The traditional focus in this field has been on the formal, systematic elements of education: schools, teachers and the teaching profession, curricula, methods, textbooks and other pedagogical materials, literary canons, and so on. In more recent years, the definition of “education” has widened to capture other social and intellectual contexts that are far removed from the formal student-teacher relationship. This more expansive approach has emerged in step with the enormous growth of interest in formerly marginalized segments and members of ancient society, and in patterns of behavior that seem unusual to many modern cultures. For instance, the upbringing and education of girls, rites of passage for both males and females, and the transmission of traditional wisdom are now often seen as equally worthy of inclusion in the story of ancient education, broadly defined. The value of study in areas such as these lies especially in the fact that it was mainly wealthier members of Greek and Roman society, and therefore only a minority of the population, to whom the “school” curricula of ancient education were available. It often requires much effort and imagination, however, to uncover and interpret evidence for other kinds of educational experience. This article attempts to do justice both to the mass of scholarship in the more traditional study of ancient education and to other topics that have also attracted significant attention in recent years.

Article.  16111 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Classical Art and Architecture ; Classical History ; Classical Literature ; Classical Philosophy

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