Article

Herodotus

Emily Baragwanath and Mathieu de Bakker

in Classics

ISBN: 9780195389661
Published online December 2009 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780195389661-0018
Herodotus

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Herodotus of Halicarnassus (c. 485—c. 425 bce) is the author of the Histories, the oldest surviving historiographical work of Antiquity. Four times the size of Homer’s Iliad, it describes the origins and course of the conflicts between the Persian Empire and the Greek city-states at the beginning of the 5th century bce. In the first four books, Herodotus focuses on the growth of the Persian Empire under the Achaemenid kings and the ethnography of the peoples they attempted to subject. The main strand of Books 5 and 6 is the account of the Ionian Revolt, which led to the Persian expeditions against Greece. The last of these, Xerxes’ failed invasion (481–479 bce), is the subject of the concluding Books 7–9. No other works of Herodotus are known to have existed.

Article.  15867 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Classical Art and Architecture ; Classical History ; Classical Literature ; Classical Philosophy

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