Article

Plotinus

Richard Dufour

in Classics

ISBN: 9780195389661
Published online December 2009 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780195389661-0072
Plotinus

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Classical Studies
  • Classical Art and Architecture
  • Classical History
  • Classical Literature
  • Classical Philosophy

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Plotinus (205–270 ce) is considered to be the founder of Neoplatonism. Pupil of Ammonius Saccas, he taught in Rome from 244 to 269. Amelius and Porphyry are his most renowned students. We owe to Porphyry an account of Plotinus's life and the edition of his writings. Originally written in no special order, Plotinus's treatises were later organized by Porphyry in a systematic arrangement in ethics, physics, and metaphysics. Six groups of nine treatises were thus created and came to be called the Enneads. Plotinus's interpretation of Plato is original, and his hierarchical metaphysics made a lasting impression over the centuries. According to Plotinus, reality declines itself, from top to bottom, as follows: the One, the Intellect, the Soul, the World-Soul, the individual souls, and matter. As much a Platonist as he is, Plotinus is nonetheless very well versed in Aristotelian, Presocratic, Gnostic, and Stoic doctrines.

Article.  6317 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Classical Art and Architecture ; Classical History ; Classical Literature ; Classical Philosophy

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.