The study of Greek archaeology was until the late 1970s art historical in its approach, focusing on the study of objects and connoisseurship, and perpetuating the trends of the 19th- and early 20th-century scholarship, as expressed by leading figures such as Adolph Furtwangler and John D. Beazley. Classical archaeology as a whole was focused on the Greek peninsula, but Greek archaeology in particular was limited to the study of the southern part of what is now modern Greece and was essentially Athenocentric in nature. The latter was a result both of the nature of exploration, which focused in the emerging new Greek state, and the wealth of the literary and epigraphic testimonia available for Athens and the Peloponnese. John Boardman’s The Greeks Overseas (1999, originally published 1964; Boardman 1999 cited under Early Iron Age–Geometric Period) was one of the first publications that examined the Greeks in their wider geographical setting and showed interest in the Near East, the Black Sea, Italy, central Europe, and northern Africa. The study of these regions is now essential for anyone wishing to understand Greek culture and civilization. At the same time, Anthony Snodgrass and his students advocated the importance of an interdisciplinary approach to the study of classical Antiquity, the usefulness of regional field surveys in identifying sites and settlement patterns over time, and the significance of the application of theoretical models from other disciplines. A less empirical approach has thus emerged. Greek archaeology has shifted from the study of Greek art to the study of material culture as a whole and with a contextual approach. Regionalism, thematic studies, the investigation of changes and usage of the ancient landscape, and economic analysis of ancient settlements and their territories feature in modern publications on the field. Also prominent is the closer collaboration with ancient historians and epigraphists. The main emphasis of this bibliography will be on regional archaeology, with areas that have been recently explored presented in more detail. As the field is enormous, it will focus on recent publications that offer good introductions to a given topic or region with up-to-date bibliographies.
Article. 17056 words.
Subjects: Classical Studies ; Classical Art and Architecture ; Classical History ; Classical Literature ; Classical Philosophy
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