Article

Indo-European Linguistics

Jay Fisher

in Classics

ISBN: 9780195389661
Published online May 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780195389661-0093
Indo-European Linguistics

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Linguistics is the study of grammar, a subject matter that is traditionally divided into five areas: phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics. Phonetics is the study of phones, the total amount of sounds that may be uttered by all human beings, and phonology is the study of phonemes, sounds that are distinctive and systematically contrasted with other phonemes in a given language. Morphology is the study of the formation of words from smaller units of meaning, called morphemes, while syntax studies the formation of phrases and sentences. Semantics seeks to find underlying patterns of meaning among the various words, or lexemes, of a given language. Because all five aspects of grammar interface with one another, it is very difficult to attribute a linguistic phenomenon to a single category. Anyone who has studied the grammar of Greek or Latin, for example, will already be aware that morphological phenomena, such as case endings, and syntax are not easily disentangled. Although I have chosen to list more books than articles as an economic way of exposing the beginner to as much of the bibliography as possible, the majority of work in linguistics is to be found in articles in journals and collections of essays. I have cited translations of a number of works for the convenience of the Anglophone beginner, but this practice should not deceive the novice into believing that it is possible to conduct serious research in linguistics without at least a reading knowledge of French and German.

Article.  9165 words. 

Subjects: Classical Studies ; Classical Art and Architecture ; Classical History ; Classical Literature ; Classical Philosophy

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