Article

Health Disparities

Sarah Gehlert

in Social Work

ISBN: 9780195389678
Published online May 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780195389678-0029
Health Disparities

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Health disparities is defined by the National Institutes of Health as differences in the incidence, prevalence, mortality, and burden of diseases and other adverse health conditions that exist among specific population groups in the United States. According to United States Public Law 106–525, known as the Minority Health and Health Disparities Research and Education Act, “a population is a health disparity population if there is a significant disparity in the overall rate of disease incidence, prevalence, morbidity, mortality, or survival rates in the population as compared to the health status of the general population” (p. 2498; see Policy). Although the vast majority of research in health disparities has focused on group differences by race or ethnicity, health disparities can occur by gender, socioeconomic status, disability status, sexual orientation, age, and location/geography. This bibliography’s primary focus is on disparities within the United States. These resources are meant to be useful to social work practice, policy, education, and research. While the identified references focus on social work applications, references dealing with clinical and policy-relevant issues that originate in other health professions and disciplines also are listed.

Article.  6915 words. 

Subjects: Social Work

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