Article

History of Child Welfare and Child Protection in Europe

Mirja Satka and Caroline Skehill

in Social Work

ISBN: 9780195389678
Published online April 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780195389678-0052
History of Child Welfare and Child Protection in Europe

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This entry identifies resources on the European history of child welfare and child protection with specific reference to its variety during the past hundred years in various parts of the Continent. It will look at the literature in social work and surrounding themes related to policy, various welfare organizations, and histories of childhood. Many of the crucial ideas in the development of child welfare and protection have traveled from country to country—and also from the United States to Europe. Nevertheless, each region has developed its own applications depending on the local actors, policies, and other conditions. European states have been characterized as having three different ideal types of welfare regime: conservative corporatist, common in the Catholic regions; liberal or neo-liberal, in the Anglo-Saxon nations; and the social democratic or Scandinavian regime. However, the local or national trajectories of the European child welfare and protection do not necessarily follow these patterns; the picture is more varied, especially in eastern Europe, for which currently fewer references in English are available than for western Europe. An effort has been made to include a reasonable representation of the history of child welfare across Europe. However, we must note at the outset that it has not been possible to find specific histories of child welfare for every country that are easily accessible and in English. While some non-English references are provided, these are necessarily illustrative and limited. Also, some countries, most notably Britain, are over-represented, given the extent of scholarship available here.

Article.  4880 words. 

Subjects: Social Work

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