Intimate-Partner Violence

Cheryl Regehr and Angelique Jenney

in Social Work

ISBN: 9780195389678
Published online December 2009 | | DOI:
Intimate-Partner Violence

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Intimate-partner violence (IPV) is any behavior in an intimate relationship that causes physical, psychological, or sexual harm to those in the relationship. It includes acts of physical aggression (e.g., slapping, hitting, kicking, or beating), psychological abuse (e.g., intimidation, constant belittling, or intimidation), forced sexual activities, or any other controlling behavior (e.g., isolating a person from family and friends, monitoring his or her movements, or restricting access to information, financial support, or assistance). This definition includes current and former spouses and dating partners, and it also includes people in both heterosexual and same-sex relationships. This is differentiated from the earlier term “domestic violence,” which tended to refer to violence between spouses and in particular was often used synonymously with “woman abuse” and “wife battering” due to the fact that women have primarily been the victims of spousal violence throughout history. According to the National Crime Victimization Survey (see Statistics Resources), between 2003 and 2012, IPV accounted for 21 percent of all violent crimes in the United States, with women (76 percent) experiencing such victimization more than men (24 percent). Between 2001 and 2005, children were residents of the households experiencing IPV in 38 percent of the incidents involving female victims and 21 percent of the incidents involving male victims. In 2015, 28 percent of violent crimes reported to police were for IPV. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that one in three (35 percent) of women worldwide have experienced IPV. In 2005, WHO initiated a survey of over twenty-four thousand women in fifteen countries (see Statistics Resources), revealing that women who reported IPV also reported significantly poorer health status, emotional distress, and both suicidal ideation and attempts. In further response to such concerns, the WHO (2013) has released clinical and policy guidelines for responding to IPV and sexual violence against women.

Article.  10375 words. 

Subjects: Social Work

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