Article

Child Poverty

Robert Plotnick

in Social Work

ISBN: 9780195389678
Published online May 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780195389678-0102
Child Poverty

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The child poverty literature overlaps to a significant degree the literature on poverty among working-age families. Both sit within the broader literature on poverty in general, which bears a close relationship to the literatures on social welfare policy and the welfare state. The literature on child poverty encompasses five major topics: the measurement of poverty, trends in child poverty and characteristics of poor children, causes of child poverty, the short- and long-term consequences for children of living in poor families, and public policies that affect child poverty. It draws on multiple disciplinary perspectives, including demography, developmental psychology, economics, geography, history, political science, public policy, sociology, social welfare, and urban affairs. The nature of child poverty in affluent countries differs greatly from the situation in low-income, developing countries. This entry will focus on the literature about child poverty in the United States and other affluent countries. Raising income may be an effective way to reduce families’ needs for social services and thereby ease the burden on caseworkers and reduce budgetary pressures on social service agencies.

Article.  4811 words. 

Subjects: Social Work

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