Psychiatric rehabilitation is the use of systematic strategies and interventions to assist adults with psychiatric disabilities to become fully integrated into their communities of choice, to improve their quality of life, and to promote their own process of recovery. An adult with a psychiatric disability is an individual with a mental disorder, such as schizophrenia, a major affective disorder, or bipolar disorder, who is functionally impaired due to that disorder. Consequently these functional impairments result in these individuals being unable to achieve commonly accepted age-appropriate milestones in primary life domains, including educational attainment, employment, and intimate relationships like marriage. Psychiatric rehabilitation services are a broad spectrum of services, programs, and approaches that teach skills, modify environments, offer supports, access resources, and develop supportive networks that are necessary for increasing an individual’s capacity to assume normal roles and to be satisfied in living, working, learning, and social environments of his or her choosing. The five psychosocial evidence-based practices for persons with severe mental illness are assertive community treatment, illness management and recovery, supported employment, family psychoeducation, and integrated dual diagnosis treatment. In addition there are emerging best practices, such as peer-provided services. These service approaches incorporate the principles, values, and practices of self-determination; respect and dignity of all persons; and person-centered, strengths-based, and collaborative partnerships. Services are designed to meet an individual’s need and are sensitive to his or her cultural norms and values. These principles, values, and practices are consistent with those of social work practice. The provision of such services frequently requires combating societal stigma and discrimination directed at persons with mental disorders. These services are provided by a diversity of professional disciplines, including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and rehabilitation counselors.
Article. 8991 words.
Subjects: Social Work
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