Article

Housing

Anna Maria Santiago

in Social Work

ISBN: 9780195389678
Published online July 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780195389678-0140
Housing

Preview

Beginning in the early 2000s the availability of affordable housing worsened in US cities and throughout the world as property values climbed and then fell precipitously with the collapse of global housing and financial markets, concurrent stagnation of wages, sharp increase in rents, and dwindling supply of housing units available to low-income households. The United Nations estimated that at the end of the first decade of the 21st century one in three people across the world lived in severely distressed housing conditions—a situation that is expected to worsen as urbanization rates continue to climb. In the United States approximately one-third of the population lives in neighborhoods deemed unsafe or in housing that is physically inadequate, overcrowded, or well beyond the ability of average families to afford. While the nature and magnitude of housing issues vary across developed, developing, and transitional societies, increasing income inequality between the rich and the poor; enduring patterns of residential segregation by race, ethnicity, or class; rising land and housing construction costs; and the lack of affordable housing are common concerns. Existing literature on housing focuses on seven major topics: methods and approaches to housing research and practice; economics and finance; environments; homelessness; community institutions; housing policy; and welfare and well-being. It draws on multiple disciplinary perspectives, including community psychology, demography, economics, geography, planning, political science, public policy, sociology, social welfare, and urban affairs. While focusing primarily on the literature about housing in the United States, this bibliography includes cross-national literature about housing policy and practice. More efficient provision of housing services, lower occupancy costs, expanded residential choice, and greater housing stability and security have been proposed as effective strategies to enhance household well-being and reduce the need for social welfare services.

Article.  9277 words. 

Subjects: Social Work

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribeRecommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »