Article

Chronic Illness

Patricia Fennell and Sara Rieder Bennett

in Social Work

ISBN: 9780195389678
Published online April 2013 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780195389678-0160
Chronic Illness

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The epidemic of chronic illness is one of the fastest-growing challenges facing the health care system today. Medicine is undergoing a paradigm shift as chronic illnesses have become more prevalent than acute illness, a change that has occurred due to a number of factors. Improvements in medical care have transformed previously fatal illnesses into chronic conditions for individuals at all ages, as well as contributed to an increasingly aging population living with chronic illness. Public health advances, such as availability of cleaner water, have also decreased childhood mortality, while social changes have brought about an increasingly sedentary lifestyle and led to a higher prevalence of some conditions, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. This entry provides an overview of major topics and references in the study of chronic illness. Given the complex biopsychosocial nature of chronic illness, this entry is intended to review multidisciplinary and cross-cultural views of chronic illness.

Article.  12943 words. 

Subjects: Social Work

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