Article

Autism Spectrum Disorders

Paul T. Shattuck, Valerie Njiiri and Laura Hudson

in Social Work

ISBN: 9780195389678
Published online April 2013 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780195389678-0161
Autism Spectrum Disorders

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Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) is not an officially defined term but generally refers to three diagnoses listed under the general heading of pervasive developmental disorders in the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (American Psychiatric Association 2000, cited under Manuals and Guides): autistic disorder, Asperger’s disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder—not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). As of 2012, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that the prevalence of ASDs among children is about one in eighty-eight. Research into etiology and intervention is evolving at a very rapid pace. Individuals working with this population must exert extra effort to stay updated on recent developments. ASDs have pervasive impacts across multiple systems, including biophysical, psychological, developmental, and social. The individual patterns of impacts are extremely heterogeneous and, thus, the need for intervention tailoring is especially important. Rates of mental and physical health comorbidities are high, which increases the likelihood of need for care coordination and transdisciplinary team collaboration for assessment and intervention. No single cause of ASDs has been identified.

Article.  5721 words. 

Subjects: Social Work

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