Hasan al-Banna

Abdullah Al-Arian

in Islamic Studies

ISBN: 9780195390155
Published online December 2009 | | DOI:
Hasan al-Banna

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One of the most significant Islamic figures of the 20th century, Hasan al-Banna was born in 1906 in the town of Mahmudiyah in Egypt. The son of a local religious leader, al-Banna attended Dar al-ʿUlum, Egypt's first modern institute of higher learning, where he was trained as a teacher. In 1928, he founded the Society of the Muslim Brothers (al-ikhwan al-muslimun), considered the oldest organization of Political Islam. Until his death in 1949 at the hands of Egyptian security agents, al-Banna served as the General Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood. Under his strong, charismatic leadership, it became the most significant social movement in Egypt, amassing a following of over one million people and establishing itself as a major force in national politics. Al-Banna's influence extended beyond Egypt, as the Muslim Brotherhood expanded to other countries in the Middle East and served as a model for the rise of religious movements across the Muslim world.

Article.  1940 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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