Article

Ashʿariyya

Ayman Shihadeh

in Islamic Studies

ISBN: 9780195390155
Published online April 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780195390155-0099
Ashʿariyya

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The Ashʿarī school, a chief representative of Sunni theology, is the most widespread and influential theological school in premodern Islam, and stil+l exerts considerable influence, mostly implicit, on contemporary Islamic thought. Emerging within a Muʿtazilī-cum-traditionalist theological milieu as a school of kalām by the efforts of its eponymous founder Abū l-Ḥasan al-Ashʿarī (d. 935), Ashʿarism developed to comprise a diverse spectrum of currents, including the philosophical, traditionalist, and mystical. Although expounded by a core of specialist theologians, Ashʿarism has enjoyed a huge following among Sunni scholars who specialize in other disciplines and whose scholarship it often shaped and informed. As it would thus be extremely difficult to cover all that pertains to Ashʿarism and Ashʿarīs broadly conceived, the present bibliographic entry only includes sources dealing primarily with theological topics. As this entry makes evident, the study of Ashʿarism is still underdeveloped, and the coverage sometimes starkly uneven.

Article.  5687 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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