Article

Husayn

Diana Steigerwald

in Islamic Studies

ISBN: 9780195390155
Published online May 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780195390155-0111
Husayn

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Husayn b. ʿAli b. Abi Talib, the son of ʿAli (the cousin of Muhammad) and Fatima (the daughter of Muhammad), was born, according to most credible sources, in Medina on 5 Shaʾban 4 ah/10 January 626 ce. Muslim sources report that as the grandson of Muhammad, he was particularly dear to the Prophet. Hagiographic sources also report that he inherited the sturdy nature of his father, ʿAli, and that he was particularly focused on the struggle for justice. He was known to be very pious, performing one thousand rakʿat (units of prayer) per day and undertaking twenty-five pilgrimages by foot from Medina to Mecca. He is described in the religious sources as generous, gentle, eloquent, and courageous. This entry mainly focuses on the Shiʿi perspectives on Husayn and especially on the tribulations Husayn faced during the caliphate of Yazid, which led to Husayn’s martyrdom at the battle of Karbalaʾ.

Article.  4964 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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