Eric Lee Welch and Gary N. Knoppers

in Biblical Studies

ISBN: 9780195393361
Published online April 2013 | | DOI:


The accounts of the career of the prophet Elijah are found in 1 Kings 17–19, 21; and in 2 Kings 1 and 2. As presented in Kings, Elijah’s ministry took place during the 9th century bce in the Northern Kingdom of Israel. According to the Hebrew Bible, under the rule of the Omride dynasty, Israel was easily given to foreign influence, especially with regard to religious practices. One of the recurring themes of Elijah’s ministry is his battle against state-sponsored Baal worship. Within the Elijah narratives, a unique view of the role and the function of the prophet emerges as he performs miracles and speaks on behalf of Yahweh to people of great power (monarchs) and to Israelites of little means. The Elijah narratives thus present the prophet as an independent social institution separate from both the major state sanctuaries and from the state itself.

Article.  5921 words. 

Subjects: Biblical Studies

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