Leonard J. Greenspoon

in Biblical Studies

ISBN: 9780195393361
Published online December 2011 | | DOI:


The term Septuagint (or LXX) refers to the oldest Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible and of other ancient Jewish scripture, as well as the texts of several works or sections of works originally composed in Greek. The earliest of portion of the LXX, the translation of the Pentateuch, dates from the first third of the 3rd century bce; it was produced in Alexandria, Egypt. The study of the Septuagint encompasses the transmission and revision of these texts in Greek, fresh translations of the Hebrew (and Aramaic) into Greek, and early translations of the Greek into other languages. The Septuagint is significant in and of itself, as a witness to Hellenistic Judaism, as the Scriptures of diaspora Judaism and early Christianity, and as a source for greater understanding of the New Testament.

Article.  6631 words. 

Subjects: Biblical Studies

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