Buddhism in Mongolia

Vesna Wallace

in Buddhism

ISBN: 9780195393521
Published online September 2010 | | DOI:
Buddhism in Mongolia


A large-scale conversion of Mongols to Buddhism began in the 16th century and lasted until the early 20th century. Buddhism was the predominant religious tradition of the Mongols, influencing every aspect of Mongolian cultural, political, and religious life. After almost seven decades of communist suppression of religious freedom, which began in 1921, the Buddhist tradition in the early 21st century is becoming once again a dominant religious force in Mongolia, giving rise to a new proliferation of art, literature, and ritual. However, Mongolian Buddhism as an area of study is still in its infancy, and the amount of scholarship is small. In the early 21st century one can find basic introductions that contain short encyclopedia entries related to Mongolian Buddhism, general historical overviews focusing on the political and social history of Buddhism in Mongolia, and a limited number of articles.

Article.  6026 words. 

Subjects: Buddhism ; Tibetan Buddhism ; Zen Buddhism

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