Richard Payne

in Buddhism

ISBN: 9780195393521
Published online September 2010 | | DOI:


While the ritual practices of tantric Buddhism include many and varied rituals (sadhanas, pujas) and yogic practices, such as visualizations, the homa (Chinese guoma, Japanese goma, Tibetan sbyin sreg) is perhaps the most widely shared tantric ritual practice. In different forms it is found throughout the Tantric world—Hindu, Jain and Buddhist alike—and has spread from the Indian subcontinent to Southeast Asia, Central Asia, East Asia and more recently to Europe and America. The ritual is basically a votive offering made into fire and has roots extending back to Indo-European religious practices.

Article.  4790 words. 

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