Richard Payne

in Buddhism

ISBN: 9780195393521
Published online September 2010 | | DOI:


Shingon is an esoteric or tantric form of Buddhism, whose name is based on the Japanese pronunciation of the Chinese zhen yan (眞言), literally meaning “true word,” which is the phrase used to translate mantra. Introduced to Japan at the beginning of the 9th century, Shingon is one of the oldest forms of Buddhism in Japan, and it is still important today. From the time of its establishment, it has been an important part of Japanese religious culture. Shingon teachings and practices have deeply pervaded all forms of Japanese religion, and they have influenced Japanese culture more broadly as well. In the following, a variety of approaches to the study of Shingon are examined. Following Introductory Works and General Overviews, there are sections treating the history of Shingon and biographies of key individuals. These are followed by sections related to the permeation of Shingon throughout Japanese religious culture, Shingon praxis (doctrine and practice), the central texts formative of the tradition, institutional history, and art historical studies.

Article.  9011 words. 

Subjects: Buddhism ; Tibetan Buddhism ; Zen Buddhism

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