Article

Evidence

Trent Dougherty

in Philosophy

ISBN: 9780195396577
Published online May 2010 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780195396577-0132
Evidence

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This entry will focus on contemporary discussions concerning what items of evidence are and when items constitute evidence for a theory. The first issue we might call the ontology of evidence. Does evidence consist in objects, events, experiences, or propositions? The dominant tradition in philosophy is that our ultimate evidence is grounded in sense experience. However, this theory has been subject to persistent criticisms. Once this question is settled, however, the question remains as to when such a thing counts as evidence for a theory. The most widely discussed theory here is that an event E counts as evidence for a theory H when E raises the probability of H. As commonsense as this sounds, there are some serious difficulties trying to give a probabilistic model for when one thing counts as evidence for another.

Article.  4963 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy ; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art ; Epistemology ; Feminist Philosophy ; History of Western Philosophy ; Metaphysics ; Moral Philosophy ; Non-Western Philosophy ; Philosophy of Language ; Philosophy of Law ; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic ; Philosophy of Mind ; Philosophy of Religion ; Philosophy of Science ; Social and Political Philosophy

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