Article

Contextualism

Tim Black

in Philosophy

ISBN: 9780195396577
Published online June 2011 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780195396577-0159
Contextualism

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Philosophy
  • Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art
  • Epistemology
  • Feminist Philosophy
  • History of Western Philosophy
  • Metaphysics
  • Moral Philosophy
  • Non-Western Philosophy
  • Philosophy of Language
  • Philosophy of Law
  • Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic
  • Philosophy of Mind
  • Philosophy of Religion
  • Philosophy of Science
  • Social and Political Philosophy

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

According to contextualism in epistemology, the truth-value of knowledge attributions (“S knows that p”) and knowledge denials (“S does not know that p”) depends in some significant way on the context in which those sentences are uttered. The most prominent form of contextualism has it that certain features of the attributer’s conversational context help to determine the relevant epistemic standards. The standards for knowledge can therefore vary from one context of attribution to another. For a knowledge attribution to be true in a particular context, its subject must meet such standards as have been set in the attributer’s context. In some contexts, the epistemic standards are unusually high and it is difficult, if not impossible, for knowledge attributions to be true. In most contexts, however, the epistemic standards are comparatively low and attributions of knowledge are often true. The primary arguments for epistemological contextualism maintain that it best explains the behavior of knowledge attributions—it best explains why in most contexts we judge such attributions to be true, but why in some contexts we nevertheless judge them to be false. This entry focuses on arguments for and against this brand of contextualism.

Article.  5661 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy ; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art ; Epistemology ; Feminist Philosophy ; History of Western Philosophy ; Metaphysics ; Moral Philosophy ; Non-Western Philosophy ; Philosophy of Language ; Philosophy of Law ; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic ; Philosophy of Mind ; Philosophy of Religion ; Philosophy of Science ; Social and Political Philosophy

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.