Article

The Evidential Support Relation In Epistemology

Ryan Byerly

in Philosophy

ISBN: 9780195396577
Published online December 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780195396577-0189
The Evidential Support Relation In Epistemology

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Just when does a person’s evidence support a proposition? This question is at the heart of influential evidentialist views in epistemology, which suggest that at least some epistemically valuable properties are determined by the relationship between the object of the agent’s attitudes and her evidence. When the agent adopts an attitude of belief toward some proposition, evidentialists will say that some epistemically valuable property attaches to that belief just in case the proposition believed is supported by the agent’s evidence and her belief is properly based on this evidence. A question similar to the one asked above, concerning when evidence confirms a theory, has been discussed in the philosophy of science literature, but it is not immediately obvious that the notion of evidential support at work in epistemology is the same as that at work in the philosophy of science. The focus of this bibliography is on debates concerning the nature of the evidential support relation as it appears in epistemology, with a special focus on its appearance in evidentialist views. Among the works surveyed are those devoted to the roles the evidential support relation may play in epistemology (in both evidentialist and nonevidentialist theories), those concerning the relata of the relation, those concerning the structure of the relation, and those bearing on the analysis or partial analysis of the relation. Where appropriate, as in the section Probabilistic Accounts of Evidential Support, literature from the philosophy of science concerning the evidential support or confirmation of theories will be surveyed as well.

Article.  5502 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy ; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art ; Epistemology ; Feminist Philosophy ; History of Western Philosophy ; Metaphysics ; Moral Philosophy ; Non-Western Philosophy ; Philosophy of Language ; Philosophy of Law ; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic ; Philosophy of Mind ; Philosophy of Religion ; Philosophy of Science ; Social and Political Philosophy

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