Article

Hundred Years War

Anne Curry

in Medieval Studies

ISBN: 9780195396584
Published online May 2012 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780195396584-0076
Hundred Years War

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  • Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)
  • Literary Studies (Early and Medieval)
  • Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy
  • Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400)
  • Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology

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The Hundred Years War has become the established name for the Anglo-French conflicts that happened between 1337 and 1453. Although the designation does not refer to an actual event—the term was first used in France in the early 19th century—it usefully emphasizes the insoluble nature of the hostilities. There had been earlier Anglo-French wars arising out of the difficulties of the English king holding lands (especially the duchy of Aquitainia) as a vassal of the French king, but a new element arose in the reign of Edward III in England in the form of a claim to the French crown, a claim that was not dropped until 1802. By 1453, however, the English had lost all of their French lands except for Calais. The war is important for its military dimensions, its effects on economy and society, and its contribution to French and English state building, not least in terms of the development of taxation. It also has a pan-European dimension because each side sought allies in other countries and also exploited the Papal Schism in the Catholic church of 1378–1417.

Article.  13602 words. 

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) ; Literary Studies (Early and Medieval) ; Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy ; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400) ; Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology

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