Victimization Patterns and Trends

Janet Lauritsen

in Criminology

ISBN: 9780195396607
Published online December 2009 | | DOI:
Victimization Patterns and Trends

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Key insights about crime have been derived from the study of victimization patterns and trends that are based on data gathered from victims rather than police records. Such insights were made possible by the development of population-based victimization surveys in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Survey data allow researchers to assess individuals’ and households’ risks for various types of crime. The availability of victim survey data also permits a better understanding of the nature and consequences of crime because there is much more information about the experience. The study of victimization patterns typically involves assessments of the relationships between individual, family, and community characteristics regarding the risk for property or violent crime victimization. Trends in crime based on survey data are often studied in conjunction with trends derived from police records because most crime does not come to the attention of the police, and because police departments may not record all incidents that come to their attention or participate in national police reporting systems. Lynch and Addington 2007 (see General Overviews) provides a detailed comparison of police-based crime trends and survey-based victimization trends. Although many countries have conducted a victimization survey at least once, only a handful of countries (such as the United States and Great Britain) conduct such surveys regularly.

Article.  5078 words. 

Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice ; Criminal Justice ; Criminology

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